Baum’s Bosk

Baum’s Bosk

Baum’s Bosk is a forest park, an artificial green area located in the northern part of Almaty between Seifulin and Suyunbai Avenues. Laid in 1894 on an area of 150 hectares. In 2016, the bosk was included in the list of Specially Protected Natural Territories of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Eduard Baum was a forestry scientist, forest inspector of the Semirechensk region, for 25 years he was the chairman of the Semirechensk agricultural society. After the establishment of Soviet power, he headed the Semirechensky forest division. At the suggestion of Eduard Baum, chairman of the Almaty Agricultural Society, bosks of elm, oak, birch, ash and other trees were laid along the main tracts that have survived to this day. The landowner Baum planted trees and in every possible way contributed to the preservation of green spaces almost in the center of the city. In 2018, after the reconstruction, an area for dog walking was allocated and a children’s wooden town was organized, the lighting system on the outside of the bosk was updated, new, modern playgrounds appeared, and oak, chestnut and birch alleys were planted. The bosk was constantly growing. Here fruit and ornamental species of trees and shrubs were bred, vegetables were grown, and aged, sick trees were allowed for firewood. The bosk is over a hundred years old, and so are the trees. More all this resembles a forest, if not for such fairly neat alleys. Almost everything man-made here is collected along the Grand Almaty Canal, which flows through the bosk and originates behind the Bartogai reservoir and stretches along the mountains far beyond the borders of Almaty. The bosk stretched from south to north for 3.5 km with a width of about 900 meters in the widest place. The forest cover is about 90%, the network of roads and paths is of the right shape, the vegetation is of different cross-country ability, with only about 30% of good cross-country ability, the rest is overgrown, about 10% is very strong. Once upon a time, poets and writers walked along the Oak Alley of the bosk and compared it with its beauty with the alleys of French Versailles.