The House of E.O. Baum

The House of E.O. Baum

Eduard Ottonovich Baum (1850-1921) was a forest scientist, forest auditor of the Semirechensk region, chairman of the Semirechensk Agricultural Society for 25 years. After the establishment of Soviet power, he headed the Semirechensk forest sub-department. Eduard Baum arrived in Verniy in 1875. By his order, P.M. Zenkov built a house in 1880, now known as the house of the forester Baum. He lived in this house until his death in 1921. During this time, Eduard Ottonovich laid a lot of green areas that still exist in Almaty (for example, the Baum grove). At the suggestion of Eduard Baum, groves of elm, elm, oak, birch, ash and others were laid along the main paths, which have survived to this day. In 1892, in his note to the city council, Baum asked to take the land belonging to the Cossack village for the laying of a “pleasure park”. Consent was given, the settlement of trees in the grove, which was later named after Baum, turned out to be a park. In 1906-1907, Eduard Baum led the Vernensky Society of Zealots of Enlightenment, which organized free folk readings, reading rooms, public libraries, concerts, performances, folk festivals. On his initiative, an order was issued on the mandatory planting of at least 20 ornamental and fruit plantations by residents of Vernoye and other settlements of Semirechye (seedlings were given out free of charge). On his initiative, the Vernenskaya School of Horticulture was established in 1871. A large garden was laid out next to the house, the harvest of which E.O. Baum gave to the orphanage. In 1927, the heirs of the house, niece E. Savelieva and her husband were evicted, and the house and estate with a garden were nationalized. Gradually, the garden near Baum’s house was demolished due to the construction of residential buildings in the quarter (square ave. Seifullina, Kabanbai batyr str., Amangeldy str., Zhambyl str.). Later, the Almaty Regional Council for Tourism and Excursions was located in the building. After Kazakhstan gained independence, the building housed the consular offices of Kyrgyzstan. The Baum house is an example of wooden architecture and was built in the “Ropetovsky” style from logs of the Tien Shan spruce. It is a cruciform one-story wooden structure with a basement and a mezzanine, mounted on a brick basement. The arrangement of rooms in the house is enfilade. Along the central axis of the northern and southern facades, entrance rooms are attached, emphasized by the projection of the mezzanine. In the mezzanine on the facades are arranged